SEMARANG – Master of Environmental Science, Postgraduate School of Diponegoro University (UNDIP) dissects Indonesia’s readiness to enter the era of green development by holding an online national seminar entitled “Green Development and Licensing: Diplomacy, Device Readiness, and Standardization Patterns”. The theme of sustainable development is used as the main topic considering that the government is currently keen to build industrial estates as a priority effort to provide employment.
In addition to the existing industrial estates, at least 27 industrial estates are currently being developed. This step is in line with the enactment of Law No. 11 of 2020 concerning Job Creation, which is a manifestation of the government’s desire to boost investment.
The current matter is whether the industrial estate development is accompanied by a commitment to sustainable development. “Will the industrial area being launched become an eco-industry park?”, asked UNDIP Professor of Environmental Science Management and also Deputy Chair of National Research Council, Prof. Sudharto P. Hadi MES, when presenting his thoughts in the online seminar, on Wednesday (2/12 / 2020).
In his presentation entitled “Challenges of Green Development in the Investment Era”, the former Undip Rector who is familiar with the nickname Prof. Dharto revealed that in green development concept, basically the industry can cooperate with various parties including local communities in order to reduce the impact of its activities. The cooperation includes the way to use natural resources properly and efficiently. “So, it is essential to be able to bound synergy of economic, ecological and social interests aspects”, he said.
According to him, green investment is not only about hosting industrial relocation from various other countries. A blueprint for sustainable industrial development, and types of industry built with an ecological concept and based on local economy, are needed to provide added value for the welfare of residents around industrial area.
The simplification of licensing, including Environmental Impact Assessment (Analisis Dampak Lingkungan), which is the implementation of ratification of Law No. 11 of 2020 on Job Creation, is recognized as a simplification of complex licensing process that hampers economic growth. However, there is a problem related to the use of space in the context of Detailed Spatial Planning (Rencana Detail Tata Ruang). “I see that the ease of licensing has a worrying side which will cause environmental damage. Moreover, currently out of 514 districts and cities in Indonesia, only 56 regencies/cities have Detailed Spatial Planning”, he said.
In the seminar, which is opened by the Chair of UNDIP Master of Environmental Science Study Program, Dr. Eng Maryono, S.T., M.T., it is revealed that this condition has a potential to reduce the quality of Environmental Impact Assessment. Whereas in the sustainable development agenda, the mission of Environmental Impact Assessment is noble, as a strategic plan for sustainable development.
Other speakers at this seminar are Head of Undip Green Technology Research Center of Postgraduate School, Prof. Dr. Ir Purwanto DEA; Head of Environment and Forestry Service of Riau Province, Dr. Ir Mamun Murod MM MH; and Acting Head of the Environment and Forestry Service of Central Java Province, Widi Hartanto. The Head of Undip Green Technology Research Center of Postgraduate School raised the theme “Green Development Tools”.
According to Prof. Purwanto, the concept of industrial ecology equipment is designed to be environmentally friendly. The method is able to integrate environmental aspects as part of sustainable development. In the green industry, sustainable development instruments and tools must be applied.
That way, it is effective in reducing the use of the amount of material for manufacture of every good and service requirement, reducing energy in the production process, reducing the spread of toxic materials, maximizing the use of renewable resources, extending product life by conducting product life cycle studies, and increasing the intensity of product use and services.