The Dean of the Faculty of Social and Political Sciences (FISIP), Diponegoro University (Undip), Dr. Drs. Hardi Warsono, M.T. welcomed the Guest Lecture event of the Undip Public Administration Undergraduate Study Program with the topic of “The Role of the DPD RI and the Administrative System of the Unitary State of the Republic of Indonesia” which presented Dr. Abdul Kholik, S.H., M.Si. (member of the DPD RI) and moderated by Amni Zarkasyi Rahman, S.A.P., M.Si. (Lecturer of the Department of Public Administration, FISIP Undip),on Tuesday (17/5).
On the occasion, Dr. Abdul Kholik said that parliament in a modern democracy is a showcase of a country, where strategic decisions of the country are discussed and decided, there are two mainstream systems, namely the Unicameral System (one chamber) and the Bicameral System (two chambers). The parliamentary system will have an impact on the implementation of the legislative function, namely in a one-room parliament system, the legislative process is completed in one institution. In a bicameral system, the legislative function will go through a two-chamber discussion (double checks legislation).
“Countries that implemented bicameral in the initial phase were applied in Federal or Federalist countries but in its development it was also applied in unitary states. In the 1970s, as many as 45 countries, now 67 countries have implemented a bicameral parliamentary system. A number of countries that fall into the advanced category such as the US, Germany, France, Australia, the Netherlands, and others use a bicameral system. In Asia, countries that apply include Japan, India, the Philippines, and others,” he explained.
Furthermore, Dr. Abdul Kholik said the advantages of the bicameral system include having more complete representation on a population and regional basis, being able to prevent the emergence of tyrannical power, both majority and minority, and making important decisions of a country (legislation, budget, etc.) carefully and deeply.
“The process of forming the DPD-RI is through debates that include three groups, progressive, moderate, and conservative. Progressive groups want the Strong Bicameral model, conservative groups reject the formation of the DPD, and moderate groups compromise with the Soft Bicameral model. The final choice is a bicameral model that is close to the Soft Bicameral model,” explained Dr. Adul Kholik. (Lin – Public Relations)